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Chi possiede il debito pubblico italiano?

Sabato 29 ottobre 2011 - Debito pubblico

Mai come in questo periodo si è parlato di debito pubblico  , dei paesi debitori, della sua «sostenibilità» e dei suoi meccanismi fin nei dettagli più tecnici. Ma di una cosa si parla poco: dei creditori. Con chi gli italiani si sono, malgrado loro, indebitati?

Con buona dose di quel buon senso un po’ ipocrita di cui fa uso nei suoi discorsi, il Presidente Napolitano ammoniva il settembre scorso a proposito del debito pubblico  : «Guai a non farcene carico : non possiamo lasciare sulle spalle delle generazioni più giovani quella montagna di debito» [1].

La tecnica è ormai ben rodata (si legga Le origini del debito pubblico italiano): abbiamo vissuto al di sopra dei nostri mezzi, e, secondo le parole del Senatore Bossi «il Paese ha speso più di quanto poteva e un bel giorno la realtà ha preso il treno ed è venuta a trovarci» [2].

Come spesso accade la «realtà» è ben diversa e qualcuno, come Eurostat, ha pure provato ad andare a cercarla.

Non sono le generazioni future che pagheranno il debito pubblico   ma siamo tutti noi contemporanei. Al di fuori di ogni retorica, si tratta di un vero e proprio trasferimento dai contribuenti agli istituti finanziari [3].

le titre à afficher dans la thickbox

Fonte: Eurostat.

L’85% del debito pubblico   italiano è detenuto da istituti finanziari italiani o da altri possessori esteri, di cui possiamo azzardare senza troppi rischi la natura finanziaria. Nel rimanente 15% detenuto da residenti in Italia, il documento citato comprende sia le imprese che le famiglie, il che significa che la parte di debito pubblico   nelle mani delle famiglie italiane tende ormai a essere insignificante.

Tutto ciò a riprova ancora una volta del fatto che il debito pubblico  , attraverso il meccanismo degli interessi, è uno strumento di redistribuzione inversa dai contribuenti agli istituti finanziari (banche, assicurazioni, fondi di investimento) e, in ultima analisi, ai detentori di capitali.

La richiesta da parte dei dirigenti europei di innalzare l’età pensionabile a 67 anni, o di generalizzare il precariato per rimborsarlo non è altro che l’ennesima testimonianza della totale subordinazione delle strutture democratiche europee ai detentori di capitali, i cosiddetti «mercati».

Note

[1] Intervento del Presidente Napolitano alla cerimonia di apertura dell’anno scolastico 2011-2012, 23 settembre 2011, Presidenza della Repubblica

[2] Bossi: dobbiamo seguire la Ue, 9 agosto 2011, Il Corriere della Sera

[3] Structure of Government Debt in Europe in 2009, Eurostat

Rispondere all'articolo


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